Challenges are everywhere, be it in businesses such as www.wpbtowingservice.com, be it in our lives or national security. The problems facing maritime safety are many, be it piracy and armed robbery, illicit trafficking by sea, maritime terrorism, weapons trafficking, narcotics trafficking, cargo theft among others. These challenges continuously keep evolving and may be hybrid. The three main problems to marine security are piracy, armed robbery, and maritime terrorism.
The current changes in globalization have had a significant effect on every state of the world, resulting in higher access of resources to the world. The increasing sea-based trading activities have provided much of this access. The strategic threats to maritime security have not disappeared, but their principal sources have changed. Let us have a look at the best ways to address critical naval challenges.
Maritime security appears to be a significant concept to deal with. It has become a sizeable task involving many entities such as the public, private sector, and the international community. There is the need to preserve the freedom of the sea, facilitate defending commerce and maintain good governance at sea. With maritime security, there are laid steps which involve both preventive and responsive means of protecting the sea against threats of intentional unlawful acts.
Piracy and Armed Robbery
From the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, piracy refers to any illegal acts of violence, depredation or detention that are committed to the private by the crew or passengers of a different ship and directed to another ship or even against people and property on board. Piracy can only be dealt with by means of a comprehensive multi-layered approach that involves technology, political and societal measures which are aimed at strengthening security capabilities. All these efforts are geared towards improving intelligence gathering and sharing to help bring law and order.
In simple terms, maritime terrorism refers to the undertaking of terrorist activities and acts within the maritime environment. This occurs against vessels at sea or passengers and personnel at the coastal facilities and settlements. Like all other forms of terrorism, maritime terrorism is mostly fueled by interests in political, ideological or religious setups. Piracy affects about 1 percent of the total 23,000 ships that pass through the Gulf of Aden, and even a less number in the Indian Ocean, with major activities witnesses along Somalia. Technology could play a key role in combating terrorism. Today’s sea vessels are equipped with wireless access points, IP ports and wireless phones that are interconnected to communicate in real time.